The new report by Procurement Resource, a global procurement research and consulting firm, looks in-depth into the costs involved in the production of calcium carbide. The comprehensive report analyses the production cost of the material, covering raw material costs and co-product credit, equipment costs, land and site costs, labour wages, maintenance costs, financing charges, and the depreciation cost. The extensive study describes the step-wise consumption of material and utilities, along with a detailed process flow diagram. The report also assesses the latest developments within the calcium carbide industry that might influence the costs of production, looking into the capacity expansions, plant turnarounds, and mergers, acquisitions, and investments.
Calcium carbide is a chemical compound, which is colourless in appearance but may differ with technical grades of calcium carbide. It is primarily used in the chemical industry, such as a source for the production of acetylene and calcium cyanamide. It is also used in the desulphurisation of iron in the iron and steel industry. Calcium carbide is also used in carbide lamps, which were used as headlights in early automobiles.
In Tianjin, China, an explosion was registered in one of the warehouses in August 2020, caused due to the reaction between calcium carbide and water released by the firefighters. Calcium carbide reacted with water to release acetylene, which is a highly explosive gas. Meanwhile, India has given an allowance to import pet-coke, which will be further used as feedstock in calcium carbide, thus increasing the market possibilities. These factors are expected to influence the production cost of calcium carbide.
The production cost report by Procurement Resource assesses the production of calcium carbide via lime and coke. This process takes place in an electrical arc furnace at approximately 2,200oC. The mixture of lime and coke in this furnace at such a high temperature forms calcium carbide.
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