In breaking with President Donald Trump’s threats to attack cultural sites Online Cigarettes Store USA in Iran and vowing to “follow the laws of armed conflict,” Defense Secretary Mark Esper was continuing the distinguished tradition of U.S. military protection of cultural heritage, best known through the “Monuments Men” of World War II. Belatedly, so is his commander in chief.
Esper might also have kept himself and Trump out of jail if the president had not walked back his tweets Newport Cigarettes Shop ("I like to obey the law," Trump said Tuesday).
While international protocols, notably the Geneva Conventions (signed in 1949 and amended in 1977) outlawed attacks on “historic monuments, works of art or places of worship,” this had not been put into practice until 2017, when Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi was convicted of destroying cultural heritage as a war crime for his desecration of historic sites in Timbuktu. Al-Mahdi still has seven years left of his jail sentence imposed by the International Criminal Court in The Hague, Netherlands.
Unlike Trump, then-Gen. Dwight Eisenhower recognized the universality of cultural heritage and urged his commanders Cheap Newport 100s cigarettes to protect it in 1944: “Shortly, we will be fighting our way across the Continent of Europe in battles designed to preserve our civilization. Inevitably, in the path of our advance will be found historical monuments and cultural centers which symbolize to the world all we are fighting to preserve. It is the responsibility of every commander to protect and respect these symbols whenever possible.”